Final (Research Question) Countdown

The Final Blog Post. Boy oh boy, though it will go out with a bang that’s for sure. Why is that? Because of my indecisiveness, I have gone through several research questions and now found one where I can find research in references to writing, rhetoric, purpose, and much much more. For those who keep losing track of what my research question here it is: How has the language of sportswriting changed because of Twitter?

I first went through my old blog posts about my question of social media and it’s impact on sports and went through each source to see if I could deem any of them appropriate and specific enough to my current research question…luckily I found four of my sources that focused on Twitter that I reviewed thoroughly and can still use them in my research. The first source is “How do sports reporters adapt to the internet?” using the search terms “Social media and it’s impact on sports.” My second source I used the same search terms and the source is “Twitter’s impact on Sports Journalism.” My third source came from the same search terms and the source is “How is the rise of Twitter affecting football journalism?” My fourth source came proquest after using the search terms “sports writing” “Social Media” and found a dissertation written by a former SU student Brian Moritz on “Rooting For The Story: Institutional Sports Journalism in the Digital Age.” I would link the URL, but proquest is very picky and selective about that. I will go into further details of these sources on my annotated bibliography.

Four down, many more to go. I went to Google after scrounging through my old sources and googled Twitter’s impact on sports writing and found a wordpress account actually related to my research question by Laurie Bell who has posted links to sources that she found useful and some of them were ones that I used as well, so I deemed that useful enough to pluck a source from that page. There was a research journal article by two authors, Mary Sheffer and Brad Schultz titled “Paradigm shift or passing fad? Twitter and Sports Journalism” that I thought was an interesting read. I also searched “How has Twitter changed sports writing?” and found a great source on Google, a dissertation even (WHO KNEW THOSE WERE ON GOOGLE!) titled “Twitter and Sports Journalism: a study of how Twitter has changed sports journalism” My last source from Google is a piece on sports writing and Twitter in the use of baseball. It is a specific genre, but gives me evidence to back up how it is indeed affecting sports writing all over the variety of sports being played. “How Twitter Has Changed Baseball Coverage, for Better or Worse, 140 Characters at a Time”

This is all interesting because my research question has become more specific and more importantly, I have evidence in the form of sources to support my claims that the language of sportswriting has changed because of Twitter. I used the search term “Twitter” “sportswriting” and “change” on proquest to see if there is any relationship between these three words and I found an interesting source titled “Twitter: good or bad for sports?” It even had a quote that helped me out a lot in what I was looking for. “Twitter has undeniably changed the nature of sports writing because results and criticism are instantly available.” A source that I found, for my lucky number and final source 10 is the one I find very relatable to me. I used to write for a local high school and would use Twitter a lot. Hence, why I’m asking the question of how Twitter has changed the language of sports writing and I finally found a source that has helped back me up on it. Of course, it’ll be more present in my annotated bibliography, but the source is titled “Twitter adds another element to High School Football coverage” and talks about how sports writing has been changed because of Twitter. A FANTASTIC FIND.

This is a pretty long blog post, but I summed up almost everything after two weeks of not finding anything I deemed of value, minus the four sources I kept, but found six new sources that have strengthened the evidence for my claims that Twitter is changing the language of sports writing.



Dating back to last’s blog post, I have changed my research question two times…and hey maybe the third time is the charm. My new and improved updated Q is *drumroll* “How has the use of social media impacted the way sports journalism is portrayed?” I thought of this being a superb question to research because sports writing has changed so much in just the last five years since the introduction of Twitter and I feel research for sports writing is now easier than it used to be with so much information at hand. Here are a few sources I will now be using as my starting off points that I got from Google, then later on I will discuss proquest.
Source 1
Source 2

Source 3

Source 4

Source 5

PROQUEST: I remember using proquest way back in high school and considered it to be a chore when I could find articles on Google faster. However, proquest has a lot more credibility and scholarly articles. The type of articles that will help a research paper thrive. I searched for “sports” writing and social media. I put sports in quotations because I knew I would get several results of writing and social media, but with sports being my main argument, I deemed it integral to the success of my search if I included that. I found one source titled “Navigating the Digital Playing Field Case Studies in Social Media and Sports Communication” written by James Sanderson on a dissertation of the interaction of social media involved in the communication world of sports. While it is quite the dissertation (156 pages), I don’t know how much of it I would use, but I know there would be more than enough claims that I could help support my question.

PROQUEST is better than JSTOR: While I found some valid sources on Google, JSTOR I could not find anything for my related question, despite doing the same search terms on Proquest that helped me find a great source, so I went back to Proquest and found another source that I deemed valid enough to help me. It came from a Grad student at Syracuse University actually, so just out of pure- homerness I had to use it. “Rooting For the Story: Institutional Sports Journalism in The Digital Age” by Brian P. Moritz¬† talks about the use of sports journalism and how it has innovated since the so-called Digital Age. Once again, it is quite the long dissertation, totaling over 200+ pages, but has a lot of good information. I would consider this to be one of the best sources I’ve seen so far and I feel with my new and improved research question, Unit 2 is going in the right direction for me.

Familiar Words, Familiar Places

Sportswriting is a diverse genre of writing. Some sportswriting such as basketball or baseball may appeal to some people while other people may only be interested in golf or tennis. There is such a diversity of writing in sports because almost everything can be covered or written about in a unique way. There are several sports websites that not only cover sports, but also go in-depth into fantasy sports and now fantasy sports is even considered a genre of writing. There are writers who write about the scientific side of sports. People with PHD’s who now write and cover sports science-related. The world of sports appeals to so many people because it is part of our American culture.

As mentioned in the Mirabeli article, waiters must use more than just communicating to be effective.”This process involves knowledge of food preparation, use of specific linguistics (magic words), and much more” (Mirabeli, 553). Like sportswriters and waiters, both need more than just verbal communication to operate effectively. Sportswriters have certain ways of communicating and each sportswriters know certain words that are used in the genre communication. Deadlines and beat articles are ones that ring a bell to a sports reporters. Word count as well is a crucial part of a sportswriter success to fit in a description of a game in a quick, but effective manner.

I have thought about interviewing certain candidates to help me figure out how do sports writers research. One of those candidates as cocky as it sounds is me. I wrote for a newspaper from junior year to high school to end of freshman year of college, covering several sporting events and an array of sports in my hometown. I have known the ins and out’s of a newspaper business for quite some time. I also wrote for a sports website for a short period of time and have experience in online journalism. Yet, I would feel too pretentious interviewing myself. I have thought of interviewing a classmate of mine who is currently writing for a sports website and has written several articles in relations to the NFL and NBA seasons. He has a background in sports with his major being Sports Management and I feel he would be a good fit for my research question.

UPDATE¬† 2/16: Locate writing and rhetoric in what I’ve been searching.
A new research question for me: How does a sports writer make sure their audience is reached and in what ways is this shown through their writing?
After reading and discussing Mirabeli’s article in class, it has taught me that in the restaurant business, a menu is the sole form of communication between the customer and waiter/waitress. IN sports writing, the article is the form of communication between the writer and the reader. How does the writer do this if they discuss an article about a game the reader didn’t see?