Final (Research Question) Countdown

The Final Blog Post. Boy oh boy, though it will go out with a bang that’s for sure. Why is that? Because of my indecisiveness, I have gone through several research questions and now found one where I can find research in references to writing, rhetoric, purpose, and much much more. For those who keep losing track of what my research question here it is: How has the language of sportswriting changed because of Twitter?

I first went through my old blog posts about my question of social media and it’s impact on sports and went through each source to see if I could deem any of them appropriate and specific enough to my current research question…luckily I found four of my sources that focused on Twitter that I reviewed thoroughly and can still use them in my research. The first source is “How do sports reporters adapt to the internet?” using the search terms “Social media and it’s impact on sports.” My second source I used the same search terms and the source is “Twitter’s impact on Sports Journalism.” My third source came from the same search terms and the source is “How is the rise of Twitter affecting football journalism?” My fourth source came proquest after using the search terms “sports writing” “Social Media” and found a dissertation written by a former SU student Brian Moritz on “Rooting For The Story: Institutional Sports Journalism in the Digital Age.” I would link the URL, but proquest is very picky and selective about that. I will go into further details of these sources on my annotated bibliography.

Four down, many more to go. I went to Google after scrounging through my old sources and googled Twitter’s impact on sports writing and found a wordpress account actually related to my research question by Laurie Bell who has posted links to sources that she found useful and some of them were ones that I used as well, so I deemed that useful enough to pluck a source from that page. There was a research journal article by two authors, Mary Sheffer and Brad Schultz titled “Paradigm shift or passing fad? Twitter and Sports Journalism” that I thought was an interesting read. I also searched “How has Twitter changed sports writing?” and found a great source on Google, a dissertation even (WHO KNEW THOSE WERE ON GOOGLE!) titled “Twitter and Sports Journalism: a study of how Twitter has changed sports journalism” My last source from Google is a piece on sports writing and Twitter in the use of baseball. It is a specific genre, but gives me evidence to back up how it is indeed affecting sports writing all over the variety of sports being played. “How Twitter Has Changed Baseball Coverage, for Better or Worse, 140 Characters at a Time”

This is all interesting because my research question has become more specific and more importantly, I have evidence in the form of sources to support my claims that the language of sportswriting has changed because of Twitter. I used the search term “Twitter” “sportswriting” and “change” on proquest to see if there is any relationship between these three words and I found an interesting source titled “Twitter: good or bad for sports?” It even had a quote that helped me out a lot in what I was looking for. “Twitter has undeniably changed the nature of sports writing because results and criticism are instantly available.” A source that I found, for my lucky number and final source 10 is the one I find very relatable to me. I used to write for a local high school and would use Twitter a lot. Hence, why I’m asking the question of how Twitter has changed the language of sports writing and I finally found a source that has helped back me up on it. Of course, it’ll be more present in my annotated bibliography, but the source is titled “Twitter adds another element to High School Football coverage” and talks about how sports writing has been changed because of Twitter. A FANTASTIC FIND.

This is a pretty long blog post, but I summed up almost everything after two weeks of not finding anything I deemed of value, minus the four sources I kept, but found six new sources that have strengthened the evidence for my claims that Twitter is changing the language of sports writing.


The Interview (No, Not That One!)

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NO. Not that interview. I interviewed one of my close friends, Kevin Reese, who writes for a website called and talked to him about his passion for sportswriting and the impact social media has on sports. However, first I should address the elephant in the room that if the readers back home are counting, I have now switched my research question for the fifth time and hopefully the last time. Updated research question: How has the language of sportswriting changed because of Twitter?

I proceeded with that question in mind as I went into my interview with Kevin at his apartment on South Campus. Here are some exchanges we had as we talked about his background in sportswriting.
Arick: First off, what exactly is TheSportsQuotient?

Kevin: It is a site similar to BleacherReport, which is one of the sites we modeled ourselves after. However, what separates us from most sports websites is it is a college-student based website, where it is mostly college students covering sports across the country.

Arick: What do you do for TheSportsQuotient?

Kevin: I used to do a variety of things, like think of trivia questions for a trivia section of our website, but this year (sophomore year), I began to write these things called SoundOffs. I am a beat writer, which means I cover a specific area and my area is the Philadelphia Eagles, so I write a game recap and then also voice my opinion after I write the article. So it’s factual, but then I get to voice my opinion at the end, which I like a lot.

Arick: Are you an active Twitter user? How often do you check Twitter?

Kevin: I would say I am an avid Twitter user and I probably look at it every hour or two from when i wake up until I go to bed.

Arick: How have you seen Twitter interact in the sports world?

Kevin: Well, I follow a lot of sports stuff on Twitter. So, like ESPN and networks revolving around ESPN, sports writers, and athletes. So, sports often shows up on my timeline and I will see a lot of highlights or GIFs of certain plays that are trending on Twitter at the moment.

Arick: How do you incorporate Twitter into your sports writing?

Kevin: I would say it’s a lot easier to write because of Twitter. There is so much that happens that breaks through Twitter first, so if I see a certain headline that just got announced, I’ll see it on Twitter and then I will claim that “piece” and write an article on it. Writing a game recap is easy because there are numerous people who tweet during games and you get a better flow for writing when you see people publish stats online and what not. It is the easiest place to find anything sports related on the internet.

Arick: Thank you for taking the time out of your day to be interviewed…now drive me back to main campus.

I kid about the last part, but I thought deeply about what he said in the last sentence. “It is the easiest place to find anything sports related on the internet.” I believe that sentence has helped my research question in the fact that highlights are always at the fingertips of a sportswriters phone screen. So much can happen in five minutes on Twitter that a news story can break, and then in seven minutes, an article can be released. Twitter has renovated the sportswriting genre into a more fast-pace type of writing that sportswriters are adapting to in the twenty first century.

In my next blog post, I will find new sources to back up my new research question. Stay tuned. My friend Kevin

I’m trading words left and right like it’s the NBA Trade Deadline

Updated Question: How does the use of social media affect sports writing in a positive way?

My title is about the NBA Trade Deadline and how many trades happen in such a fast period of time. The use of social media during the NBA trade deadline is very vital to getting information out to the average NBA fan at lightning speed. Sports journalist have to make sure what they tweet is accurate and not just a falsified claim or rumor. That’s where my assignment for today came in hand. We were asked to add more words to our searches, so using proquest I searched “sports” “writing” and social media and came up with an article titled “Social Media Alters Sports” by Jeff Diveronica. It discusses the usage of social media in sports and positive, but mostly negative ways it can affect not just sports writers, but athletes as well.

Annotated Bibliography
Diveronica, Jeff. “Social Media Alters Sports Landscape.” Proquest. N.p., 19 Dec. 2012. Web. 19 Feb. 2015.

Jeff Diveronica discusses the issue of social media and how a rumor can be dentrimental to a journalism or athletes reputation in the article. In a time of fast-paced news and tweets that are sent out so fast, rumors can be interpreted as news and when found out aren’t true, the journalist’s reputation is ruined. The article preaches the Do’s and Don’t of social media in the field of sports writing.

When I searched writing again, I found sources that I had used from the last time I searched, determining that I feel I have a good grasp on Proquest and felt my search terms were adequate. So I will be using a source from my last blog post as another one for my annotated Bibliography.

Annotated Bibliography

Sanderson, James. “Navigating the Digital Playing Field Case Studies in Social Media and Sports Communication.” Proquest. N.p., 2013. Web. 19 Feb. 2015.

James Sanderson writes about the studies of social media and the effect it has on sports communication. When writing a sports article, the use of social media is a huge advantage to helping a writer write. However, the use of social media in sports has happened so fast that once again there may be problems with it, so proper caution and technique is used to help writers adapt to social media. The article helps the future of sports and social media


Dating back to last’s blog post, I have changed my research question two times…and hey maybe the third time is the charm. My new and improved updated Q is *drumroll* “How has the use of social media impacted the way sports journalism is portrayed?” I thought of this being a superb question to research because sports writing has changed so much in just the last five years since the introduction of Twitter and I feel research for sports writing is now easier than it used to be with so much information at hand. Here are a few sources I will now be using as my starting off points that I got from Google, then later on I will discuss proquest.
Source 1
Source 2

Source 3

Source 4

Source 5

PROQUEST: I remember using proquest way back in high school and considered it to be a chore when I could find articles on Google faster. However, proquest has a lot more credibility and scholarly articles. The type of articles that will help a research paper thrive. I searched for “sports” writing and social media. I put sports in quotations because I knew I would get several results of writing and social media, but with sports being my main argument, I deemed it integral to the success of my search if I included that. I found one source titled “Navigating the Digital Playing Field Case Studies in Social Media and Sports Communication” written by James Sanderson on a dissertation of the interaction of social media involved in the communication world of sports. While it is quite the dissertation (156 pages), I don’t know how much of it I would use, but I know there would be more than enough claims that I could help support my question.

PROQUEST is better than JSTOR: While I found some valid sources on Google, JSTOR I could not find anything for my related question, despite doing the same search terms on Proquest that helped me find a great source, so I went back to Proquest and found another source that I deemed valid enough to help me. It came from a Grad student at Syracuse University actually, so just out of pure- homerness I had to use it. “Rooting For the Story: Institutional Sports Journalism in The Digital Age” by Brian P. Moritz¬† talks about the use of sports journalism and how it has innovated since the so-called Digital Age. Once again, it is quite the long dissertation, totaling over 200+ pages, but has a lot of good information. I would consider this to be one of the best sources I’ve seen so far and I feel with my new and improved research question, Unit 2 is going in the right direction for me.

Familiar Words, Familiar Places

Sportswriting is a diverse genre of writing. Some sportswriting such as basketball or baseball may appeal to some people while other people may only be interested in golf or tennis. There is such a diversity of writing in sports because almost everything can be covered or written about in a unique way. There are several sports websites that not only cover sports, but also go in-depth into fantasy sports and now fantasy sports is even considered a genre of writing. There are writers who write about the scientific side of sports. People with PHD’s who now write and cover sports science-related. The world of sports appeals to so many people because it is part of our American culture.

As mentioned in the Mirabeli article, waiters must use more than just communicating to be effective.”This process involves knowledge of food preparation, use of specific linguistics (magic words), and much more” (Mirabeli, 553). Like sportswriters and waiters, both need more than just verbal communication to operate effectively. Sportswriters have certain ways of communicating and each sportswriters know certain words that are used in the genre communication. Deadlines and beat articles are ones that ring a bell to a sports reporters. Word count as well is a crucial part of a sportswriter success to fit in a description of a game in a quick, but effective manner.

I have thought about interviewing certain candidates to help me figure out how do sports writers research. One of those candidates as cocky as it sounds is me. I wrote for a newspaper from junior year to high school to end of freshman year of college, covering several sporting events and an array of sports in my hometown. I have known the ins and out’s of a newspaper business for quite some time. I also wrote for a sports website for a short period of time and have experience in online journalism. Yet, I would feel too pretentious interviewing myself. I have thought of interviewing a classmate of mine who is currently writing for a sports website and has written several articles in relations to the NFL and NBA seasons. He has a background in sports with his major being Sports Management and I feel he would be a good fit for my research question.

UPDATE¬† 2/16: Locate writing and rhetoric in what I’ve been searching.
A new research question for me: How does a sports writer make sure their audience is reached and in what ways is this shown through their writing?
After reading and discussing Mirabeli’s article in class, it has taught me that in the restaurant business, a menu is the sole form of communication between the customer and waiter/waitress. IN sports writing, the article is the form of communication between the writer and the reader. How does the writer do this if they discuss an article about a game the reader didn’t see?

Google me this, Google me that.

I still don’t really know what I want to do as a research question, but I know I want to do something sports-writing related. So perhaps my current research question is: “How do sportswriters get their information?”

Why a question that seems so simple to find the answer to, but at the same time, not many people outside of the sportswriting world know how to do it. This question popped into my mind after an article on titled “How Notre Dame’s 1946 Class Forever Altered the Recruiting Landscape.” The article was very informative on the process of recruiting even in the mid-1940s. This made me question how do sportswriters think of certain topics to write about and how they go about planning it.

I first googled (I don’t understand why googled is not recognized as a real word yet, but that is a rant for another time) “sports writing research” and my first search came up with a cool source from, a sports website, and the article was “Sportswriting isn’t just fan scribbling: It takes time and research”

Source 1

It is an interesting read from a writer on Bleacher Report. It’s a small article, but it’s a good jumping off point.

That was the only source I deemed usable from my lame attempt at a search. I next typed in “Sportswriting Tips” and found two sources I deemed to be useful.

The first was from a .org site. That is reassuring on its own knowing it’s not just a typical .com domain. It was “10 Tips for Improving Scholastic Sportswriting” that helped give tips on being a better writer. I don’t really consider it a great source because it’s more of just tips to be a better sportswriter, not how they get their information
Source 2
The next source was from Bleacher Report on sportswriting tips, highlighting the importance of a good editor and of course good writing. I thought this was the best one I looked at so far.

Source 3

That’s all I have for now, but I am sure I will be back later on in the unit with more respected, more scholarly, and overall better articles.

UPDATE 2/11: I had a breakthrough with research as we had free-time in class to go over more of our blogs and to sort things out. The time allotted in class helped me think of a new search for Google and that search was “Writing a sports column.” I then found a source from a site called titled “How one sports columnist approaches the sports column.” I thought this was a great source as it helps me figure out how a writer approaches writing an article. This also related to me in some ways as I used to write sports article for a newspaper back home, so this was a big step for my research going in the right direction!

UPDATE 2/12: I have found another research source of researching sportswriting. This is a source from Grantland and instead of researching, this is more of attacking other sportswriter for reporting the same sources. It is an interesting take on the behind-the-scenes world of sportswriting. Source 5